Basil Oil Studies

Scientific and clinical studies that have involved basil essential oil:

Altered growth and polyamine catabolism following exposure of the chocolate spot pathogen Botrytis fabae to the essential oil of Ocimum basilicum.

Scottish Agricultural College, Ayr Campus, Auchincruive Estate, Ayr KA6 5HW, UK.

Antifungal activity of peppermint and sweet basil essential oils and their major aroma constituents on some plant pathogenic fungi from the vapor phase.

"In the case of basil oil, linalool alone showed a moderate antifungal activity while eugenol showed no activity at all. Mixing the two components in a ratio similar to their concentrations in the original oil was found to enhance the antifungal properties of basil oil indicating a synergistic effect."

Flavour and Aroma Chemistry Department, National Research Center, 4-EL Kalifa EL Mansour Street, Safir Square, Heliopolic, 11361 Cairo, Egypt.

Antigiardial activity of Ocimum basilicum essential oil.

"These results suggest that, with G. lamblia, the essential oil from O. basilicum and its purified compounds, specially linalool, have a potent antimicrobial activity."

Instituto de Microbiologia Prof. Paulo de Góes, Centro de Ciências da Saúde, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, 219491-590, Brazil.

Anti-proliferative activity of essential oil extracted from Thai medicinal plants on KB and P388 cell lines.

"The results demonstrated the potential of essential oil from Thai medicinal plants for cancer treatment."

Pharmaceutical-Cosmetic Raw Materials and Natural Products Research and Development Center, PCRNC, Institute for Science and Technology Research and Development, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai 50200, Thailand.

Cardiac stimulant activity of Ocimum basilicum Linn. extracts

Department of Environmental Toxicology, Dr. ALM PG Institute of Basic Medical Sciences, Taramani, Chennai – 600 113, India.

Characterization of the volatile composition of essential oils of some lamiaceae spices and the antimicrobial and antioxidant activities of the entire oils.

"The most effective antibacterial activity was expressed by the essential oil of oregano, even on multiresistant strains of Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Escherichia coli. A significant rate of antifungal activity of all of the examined essential oils was also exhibited."

Department of Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, University of Novi Sad, Serbia and Montenegro.

Characterization of the volatile pattern and antioxidant capacity of essential oils from different species of the genus Ocimum.

"The data generated with Ocimum species indicates that essential oils obtained from various herbs and spices may have an important role to play in cancer chemoprevention, functional foods, and in the preservation of pharmacologic products."

Division of Toxicology and Cancer Risk Factors, German Cancer Research Center, Im Neuenheimer Feld 280, D-69120 Heidelberg, Germany.

Comparative evaluation of antiinflammatory potential of fixed oil of different species of Ocimum and its possible mechanism of action.

College of Pharmacy (University of Delhi), Pushp Vihar, India.

Comparative studies on the activity of basil–an essential oil from Ocimum basilicum L.–against multidrug resistant clinical isolates of the genera Staphylococcus, Enterococcus and Pseudomonas by using different test methods.

Department of Microbiological and Biological Control of Drugs, Bulgarian Drug Agency, 26 Yanko Sakazov, 1504 Sofia, Bulgaria.

The effect of essential oils of basil on the growth of Aeromonas hydrophila and Pseudomonas fluorescens

Australian Food Industry Science Centre, Werribee, Victoria, Australia.

Effect of essential oils on the growth of Fusarium verticillioides and fumonisin contamination in corn.

Program on Agricultural and Food Technology, National Institute of Agricultural Research of Benin, P.O. Box 128, Porto-Novo, Benin.

Effect of various essential oils on Callosobruchus maculatus (F.) (Coleoptera: Bruchidae).

"Our results suggest that plants of the genus Ocimum can be used as an alternative to synthetic insecticides."

Université du Québec à Montréal, P.O. Box 8888, Centre-ville Station, Qc, H3C 3P8, Montreal, Canada.

Effective treatment of experimental acute otitis media by application of volatile fluids into the ear canal.

"Essential oils or their components placed in the ear canal can provide effective treatment of acute otitis media."

Department of Clinical Microbiology, Landspitali University Hospital, Reykjavik, Iceland.

Efficacy of essential oil of Ocimum basilicum L. and O. gratissimum L. applied as an insecticidal fumigant and powder to control Callosobruchus maculatus (Fab.)

Department of Chemistry, University of Quebec at Montreal, P.O. Box 8888, Downtown Station, Montreal, H3C 3P8, Quebec, Canada.

Evaluation of gastric anti-ulcer activity of fixed oil of Ocimum basilicum Linn. and its possible mechanism of action.

"O. basilicum fixed oil may be considered to be a drug of natural origin which possesses both antiinflammatory and anti-ulcer activity."

College of Pharmacy (University of Delhi), Pushp Vihar, New Delhi, India.

Infraspecific taxonomy and essential oil chemotypes in sweet basil, Ocimum basilicum

Jodrell Laboratory, Royal Botanic Gardens, Richmond, Surrey, UK.

An Investigation of the Storage and Biosynthesis of Phenylpropenes in Sweet Basil

Department of Biology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109-1048, USA.

Investigations on the essential oil of Ocimum basilicum.

Mechanism of action of antiinflammatory effect of fixed oil of Ocimum basilicum Linn.

College of Pharmacy (University of Delhi), Pushp Vihar, New Delhi, India.

Phytochemical evaluation of essential oils, medicinal plants and their preparations

"The change of essential oil composition of Ocimum basilicum L. and Anthriscus cerefolium L. was also studied during the vegetation period. It has been established that in budding and early flowering stages the basil oil was rich in monoterpenes; the quantity of sesquiterpenes and phenylpropane derivatives increased only in later stadiums."

Semmelweis Orvostudományi Egyetem, Gyógynövény és Drogismereti Intézet, Budapest.

Rapid classification of basil chemotypes by various vibrational spectroscopy methods.

Federal Center for Breeding Research on Cultivated Plants, Institute for Plant Analysis, Neuer Weg 22/23, D-06484 Quedlinburg, Germany.

Study on the constituents of volatile oil from Ocimum basilicum

"The main constituent in volatile oil from O. basilicum are 1, 7-dimethyl-1, 6-octadien-3-ol, which accounts for 29.87%."

OSSO State Key Laboratory, Lanzhou Institute of Chemical and Physics, Chinese Academy of Science, Lanzhou 730000, Gansu, China.

The synergistic preservative effects of the essential oils of sweet basil (Ocimum basilicum L.) against acid-tolerant food microflora

School of Nutrition and Public Health, Deakin University, Geelong.
Ovens Research Station, Department of Natural Resources and Environment, Myrtleford.
Australian Food Industry Science Centre, Werribee, Victoria, Australia.

UV-B is Required for Normal Development of Oil Glands in Ocimum basilicum L. (Sweet Basil)

Department of Natural Products and Biotechnology, Mediterranean Agronomic Institute of Chania, PO Box 85, Alsyllion Agrokepion, 73100 Chania, Greece.

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See the Basil Essential Oil Profile page for more information on basil essential oil.

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