Quick Growing and Usage Guides for Herbs

Name Hardiness Growing Conditions Height /
Spread
Uses
Basil
Ocimum basilicum
Tender annual Full sun. Rich and well-drained soil. 9"-36" ht.
6"-12" spread
Leaves used in soups, salads, sauces, vegetables, and other dishes. See other cooking uses. Basil can also be used as a facial splash “tea”. See also basil essential oil.
Borage
Borago officinalis
Hardy annual Full sun to light shade. Rich soil is preferable. Ensure adequate draining. 12"-40" ht.
18"-24" spread
Salads, cream cheese, yogurt, teas, infusions, tisanes, garnishes, candied, potpourri, floral arrangements, folk remedies. Prolonged use and consumption of Borage, especially in large amounts, should be avoided. See also borage seed oil.
Calendula
Calendula officinalis
Hardy annual Full sun to light shade. Fairly rich soil desirable with adequate draining. 12"-24" ht.
6" spread
Salads, stews, soups, breads, rice, cakes, desserts, herb teas, bouquets and potpourris, colorant for commercially prepared cheeses and butters, skin and beauty care, first aid. See also calendula oil.
Dill
Anethum graveolens
Hardy annual Full sun. Moist, well-drained soil. 24"-36" ht.
12"-24" spread
Salads, sauces, seeds and leaves used in pickling. See other culinary uses.
Fennel
Foeniculum vulgare
Tender perennial Full sun. Rich and well-drained soil. 36"-48" ht.
18"-24" spread
Seed used as spice and infused in tea. Leaves and stems used in salads, soups, sauces, garnishes, and with meat. See other cooking uses. Fennel is also used in beauty creams, skin care, and the seedheads are sometimes used in wreaths and bouquets. See also fennel essential oil.
Oregano
Origanum vulgaris hirtum
Zones 5-11 Full sun. Sandy, well-drained soil. 12"-24" ht.
12"-24" spread
Leaves used in sauces and in egg, tomato, pasta, and cheese dishes. Often found in Italian cuisine.
Parsley
Petroselinum crispum
Hardy annual Full sun to partial shade. Moist, well-drained soil. 6"-12" ht.
6"-12" spread
Leaves used in salads, sauces, with vegetables and poultry, as a garnish, and in beauty applications including baths, soaps, shampoos, and lotions. See other cooking uses.
Rosemary
Rosmarinus officinalis
Zones 8-11 in situ Full sun to partial shade. Sandy, well-drained soil. Don’t over-water. 48"-60" ht.
36"-72" spread
Used fresh or dried to flavor lamb and poultry, soups, and sauces. See other cooking uses. Also found in skin care applications and herbal baths. See also rosemary essential oil.
Sage
Salvia officinalis
Zones 4-8 in situ Full sun. Rich, well-drained soil. 12"-30" ht.
12"-24" spread
Poultry, dressing, soups, sauces, sausage, as well as other uses.
Thyme
Thymus vulgaris
Zones 6-9
Annual in northern climates
Full sun to partial shade. Average, well-drained soil. 6"-12" ht.
6"-12" spread
Soups and chowders, cheese, salads, chicken and fish marinades, and other uses.

For more in-depth and extensive information on a particular herb, be sure to visit the individual herb profiles.



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